Thermal Tourism

Thermal Tourism in Turkey

In 2007, Turkish Ministry of Health prepared and started implementing Turkish Tourism Strategy and Thermal Tourism Master Plan in order to improve Turkish thermal tourism activities and policies.

Thermal Tourism: Definition
Thermal Tourism involves such various treatments as thermomineral baths, thermal water drinking, inhalation, mud baths, etc., combined with climate treatment, physical therapy, rehabilitation, exercise, psychotherapy and diet, together with recreational activities.

Thermal Cure
Thermal cure is a treatment method by means of therapeutic agents applied in series at regular intervals in certain doses, repeated at certain rate.

Hot Spring Treatment
Hot Spring treatment is a therapeutic treatment system applied by means of ground and sea-borne mineral waters, gases, peliod (mud) and climatic factors as well as natural treatment by the elements of local climate facilities and other necessary treatments along with cures.


Balneotherapy is a bathing, consumption and inhalation treatment method by means of such natural treating elements as thermomineral waters, peloids and gases.


Climatotherapy is a systematic multidose treatment method by means of such climatic elements as air temperature, moisture, wind force and speed, solar radiation and applications.


Thalassotherapy is the medical use of seawater as a form of therapy. It is based on the systematic use of seawater, sea products, and shore climate.
Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation

Exercise, electrotherapy, massage and other methods used together with hot spring treatment.

Medical Treatment

Local or systemic application of medicaments during the hot spring treatment.

Supportive Applications

Supportive applications include health education, diet applications, regulation of daily activities, behavior seminars and psychological support.

Thermal Water

Thermal waters are waters, the temperature of which is more than 20 ºC at the point of origin.

Mineral Water

Mineral waters are waters that contain at least 1 gram of dissolved mineral per liter, reach the surface either naturally or by drilling-gallery method, can be used for physiological and treating activities and are not bacteriologically or chemically polluted.

Thermomineral Water

Thermomineral waters are waters, the temperature of which is more than 20 ºC at the point of origin and that contain at least 1 gram of dissolved mineral per liter.

Specific Balneological Waters

Specific balneological waters contain certain minerals at the rate higher than the threshold value. These are classified as follows;

Carbon dioxide waters: 1 g/lt üzerinde çözünmüş serbest karbondioksit içeren sular.
Sulfurous waters: : 1 mg/lt üzerinde -2 değerli kükürt içeren sular,
Radon waters: 666 Bq/lt üzerinde radon ışınımı içeren sular,
Saline waters: 14 g/lt üzerinde NaCl iceren sular,
odine waters: 1 mg/lt üzerinde iyot içeren sular,
Fluorine waters: 1 mg/lt üzerinde florür içeren sular, olarak sınıflandırılırlar.

Current Advances in Turkish Thermal Tourism

Thermals springs in Turkey are ranked 7th in the world and the best in Europe and Turkey is the 3rd in terms of hot spring applications in Europe. In order to enable more effective and productive use of unique and renewable geothermal resources in Turkey, policies are being developed to establish an understanding different from a traditional hot spring use. With regard to development of Thermal Tourism, the goal is to increase not only the number of high quality facilities with cure parks, cure centers and accommodation integration, but also the number of tourists and the tourism income in general.Besides traditional hot spring bathing approach, Thermal Tourism’s new objective is to establish facilities that can provide wellbeing, vitality, recreation, fun, relaxation and sports activities all the year around. Initiatives of the Turkish Ministry of Health regarding health travel and thermal tourism constitute a significant portion of the diversification and extension of tourism activities in Turkey.
Some of the opportunities presented by Thermal Tourism are as follows;
Touristic availability all around the year,
High occupancy rates in the facilities,
Increased employment,
Development of balanced regional tourism by combining other alternative tourism types,
Together with healing activities at the Thermal facilities, opportunities for healthy-vital life style, entertainment and relaxation,
Such profitable and competitive investments as thermal facilities with integrated cure (treatment) centers that quickly refund the costs.